Eyewire:Selected anniversaries/September 23
Use only ONE image at a time
- Checkers speech shot.png
Richard Nixon delivering Checkers speech
- Alexander Cartwright (PP-69-3-004).jpg
- Benedict arnold illustration.jpg
- Dr. Ramon Betances.jpg
- Ramon Emeterio Betances.jpg
Ramón Emeterio Betances
|September Equinox (08:20 UTC, 2015);||refimprove section|
|National Day in Saudi Arabia (1932);||fringe theories|
|1845 – American bookseller Alexander Cartwright founded the New York Knickerbockers, one of the first organized baseball teams, as well as formalizing a set of rules that became the basis for the rules of the modern game.||needs more footnotes|
|1846 – Using mathematical predictions by French mathematician Urbain Le Verrier, German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle became the first person to observe Neptune and recognise it as a hitherto unknown planet.||neutrality issues|
|1889 – Fusajiro Yamauchi founded Nintendo in Kyoto, Japan, to produce handmade hanafuda cards.||expansion, empty section|
- 1123 – Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V agreed to the Concordat of Worms to put an end to the Investiture Controversy.
- 1779 – American Revolutionary War: John Paul Jones led the Continental Navy to victory in the Battle of Flamborough Head, one of the most celebrated naval actions of the war.
- 1780 – American Revolutionary War: British officer John André was captured by Patriot forces, thereby revealing a plot by Continental Army General Benedict Arnold to hand over West Point, New York.
- 1803 – Maratha troops were defeated by British forces at the Battle of Assaye, one of the decisive battles of the Second Anglo-Maratha War.
- 1868 – Ramón Emeterio Betances led the Grito de Lares, a revolt against Spanish rule in Puerto Rico.
- 1899 – Philippine–American War: The American Asiatic Squadron destroyed a Filipino artillery battery in Olongapo.
- 1952 – In one of the first political uses of television to appeal directly to the populace, Republican vice presidential candidate Richard Nixon delivered the "Checkers speech", refuting accusations of improprieties with contributions to his campaign.
- 1983 – A bomb placed by the Abu Nidal organisation destroyed Gulf Air Flight 771, flying from Karachi, Pakistan, to Abu Dhabi, UAE, killing all 110 people aboard.
- 2008 – A gunman shot and killed ten students at Seinäjoki University of Applied Sciences in Kauhajoki, Western Finland, before committing suicide.
- 1459 – Yorkist forces led by Richard Neville defeated Lancastrian troops at the Battle of Blore Heath in Staffordshire, England, a major battle of the Wars of the Roses.
- 1568 – Anglo–Spanish War: At San Juan de Ulúa (in modern Veracruz, Mexico), Spanish naval forces forced English privateers to halt their illegal trade.
- 1875 – Billy the Kid (pictured) was arrested for the first time after stealing clothes from a laundryman, beginning his life as an infamous American outlaw and gunman.
- 1932 – The Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz merged with Al-Hasa and Qatif to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with Ibn Saud as the first monarch and Riyadh as the capital city.
- 2010 – Teresa Lewis became the first woman to be executed by the US state of Virginia since 1912, and the first woman in the state to be executed via lethal injection.
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