Translations:Bipolar Cell/2/en

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Within the retina, bipolar cells act as the signal couriers between the photoreceptors that react to light stimuli and the ganglion cells that carry these signals out of the eye and into the cortex. Bipolar cells are so-called because they have two polar extensions that protrude from opposite ends of the soma (cell body). One of these extensions extends towards the photoreceptors (connecting to either multiple rods or a single cone) while the other delivers the processed signal to the dendritic arbors of the ganglion cells.